Neuroscience, in its broadest definition, is the study of the structure and function of the brain. Specific areas of study within neuroscience include physiology, behavior, biochemistry, development, pharmacology and pathology. Because of the way the brain organizes and processes information and coordinates and controls behavior, any full understanding of how the brain functions must include a variety of approaches and perspectives. Historically, neuroscience developed out of the shared interests of biologists and psychologists, and more recently mathematicians and chemists, to understand how brain, mind, and behavior are related. Not surprisingly, investigators from these disciplines use different approaches in their research on how the brain functions. This synthesis of approaches has created a truly interdisciplinary field of study and has significantly advanced our knowledge of how the brain works.

BIO-110   INTEGRATIVE BIOLOGY I      (4)                                                     
An integrated study of biological form and function as they relate to ecology, evolution and genetics. Inquiry-based approaches to problem solving in science.
3 LEC, 1 LAB

BIO-111   INTEGRATIVE BIOLOGY II      (4)                                                    
An integrated study of biological form and function using one or more current problems such as addiction and cancer as a central theme. Molecular, cellular and organismal biology and the relationship of biological issues to science and society.
3 LEC, 1 LAB
Prerequisite: BIO-110

BIO-250   FOUNDATIONS OF NEUROBIOLOGY      (4)                                      
Structure and function of neurons. Electrical properties of membranes. Synaptic transmission and modulation. Sensory transduction, muscular and endocrine function.
3 LEC, 1 LAB
Prerequisite: BIO-110 and 111. Students may take BIO-250 or BIO-251 first and each course is independent of the other.    
(Cross-listed with PSY-250)

This course focuses on the function and properties of neural circuits and systems. This includes the development of the CNS, brain anatomy, sensory systems, perceptual processes and cognition. Laboratories provide an introduction to neuro-anatomy, sensory system structure and function, CNS regulatory and behavioral/cognitive function using microscopy, computer software systems and EEG recordings.                                                 
3 LEC, 1 LAB
Prerequisite: PSY-101 or BIO-110
(Cross-listed with PSY-251)

BIO-285   ANIMAL BEHAVIOR     (4)                                                              
Development, ecology and causation of animal behavior. Emphasis on comparative analysis of mechanisms underlying the production of species-specific behavior.
3 LEC, 1 LAB
Prerequisite: BIO-110 and 111 (new BIO-111 or PSY-101)
(Cross-listed with PSY-285)

Influence of drugs on neurons, synapses and circuits will be examined with a focus on mechanisms of drug interaction with neurotransmitter signaling. Topics will range from drugs that affect mood and behavior, to anaesthetics, sedatives, anticonvulsants, narcotics, analgesics and recreational drugs.
Prerequisite: BIO-110/110L, BIO-111/111L, and one 200-level BIO course; CHE-150 recommended
(Cross-listed with PSY-325)

BIO-330   DISEASES OF THE NERVOUS SYSTEM      (4)                                 
This class examines the cell types that make up the human brain and how the cells function properly to make us who we are. We will examine the sub-cellular nature of different diseases to understand how brain cells function.
3 LEC, 1 LAB
Prerequisite: BIO-110, BIO-111, and one 200-level BIO course; BIO-216 or 220 recommended
Contributes to the Neuroscience major

BIO-492   SEMINAR IN NEUROBIOLOGY        (2)                                             
Prerequisite: BIO-250 or BIO-305, junior or senior standing and permission of the instructor

CHE-150  INTRODUCTION TO CHEMISTRY       (3)                                         
This course delves into the world of atoms and molecules in order to study the structure of matter and the changes it undergoes. The course will provide an introduction to the field of chemistry. Topics include atomic and molecular structure, stoichiometry, acids and bases, enthalpy, and equilibrium. In addition, contemporary problems and applications of these topics may be explored. Examples may include atomic and molecular structure relevant to the design of new material such as memory metals; stoichiometry as a means of achieving green chemistry; acids and bases in the context of biochemical and environmental reactions; enthalpy in the context of energy generating fuels; and equilibrium and its role in energy storing batteries.

This lab course focuses on the experimental methods in basic scientific measurements, elementary reactions and analysis arranged around a theme such as forensics or the environment.
Corequisite: CHE-150

CHE-240   ORGANIC CHEMISTRY I        (3)                                                     
The systematic study of the chemistry of organic compounds with emphasis on theories of structure and reactivity. Specific topics include basic organic molecular structure and bonding, isomerism, stereochemistry, molecular energetics, substitution and elimination reactions, and reactions of biologically relevant functional groups.
Prerequisite: CHE-150 and CHE-150L
Corequisite: CHE-240L

CHE-240L ORGANIC CHEMISTRY LABORATORY       (1)                                    
Introduction to fundamental experimental techniques of carbon‐based molecules, including organic synthesis, purification and separation techniques, and theory and interpretation of infrared and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy.
Corequisite: CHE-240

CHE-280  INTRODUCTION TO BIOCHEMISTRY         (4)                                   
Fundamentals of biochemistry, including structure and function of biomolecules, enzyme kinetics, bioenergetics, catabolic and anabolic pathways and regulation of biochemical processes. Fundamental biochemical laboratory techniques including spectroscopy, enzymology, chromatographic separations, and protein detection methods.
3 LEC, 1 LAB                                                                                 
Prerequisite: CHE-240 and CHE-240L
(Cross-listed with BIO-280)

CHE-340 ORGANIC CHEMISTRY II           (3) 
This course is a continuation of CHE-240 and it continues the systematic study of the principal functional groups in organic compounds. Specific topics include the theory and chemical reactivity of conjugated and aromatic systems, the fundamentals of organic synthesis, and reactions of biologically relevant functional groups.
Prerequisite: CHE-240 and CHE-240L
Corequisite: CHE-345

CHE-345   ADVANCED ORGANIC CHEMISTRY LABORATORY       (1)                   
Project‐based synthesis based laboratories including functional group analyses and reactions. Use of advanced instrumentation including nuclear magnetic resonance, infrared spectroscopy and GC‐MS are required for analysis of project results.
Prerequisite: CHE-240 and CHE-240L
Corequisite: CHE-340 or CHE-350

CHE-350   ORGANIC CHEMISTRY III        (4)                                                   
The organic chemistry of drug design, development, and mechanisms of action, including the study of synthetic routes to commonly prescribed drugs and their biological activities and properties.
Prerequisite: CHE-240 and CHE-240L

MAT-115  ELEMENTARY STATISTICS     (4)                                                    
Statistical measures and distributions, probability and its application to statistical inference, linear correlation, hypothesis testing, confidence intervals and applications in the natural and social sciences. A scientific calculator is required for this course.

MAT-118 CALCULUS I         (4) 
Introduction to the basic concepts of differential and integral calculus, emphasizing conceptual understanding and applications. Topics are covered from a graphical, algebraic and numerical perspective. Mathematical writing is emphasized. A graphing calculator is required for this course.

Quantitative discussion of physical phenomena. Knowledge of algebra and trigonometry is required. This course does not count toward a major or minor in physics or astrophysics. Students planning to major or minor in physics or astrophysics should take Physics 202-203. Physics 102/Lab satisfies the lab science distribution requirement. Credit cannot be received for both PHY-102 and PHY-202.
3 LEC, 1 LAB

Elements of Physics II/Lab. Continuation of Physics 102/Lab. Credit cannot be received for both PHY-103 and PHY-203.
3 LEC, 1 LAB
Prerequisite: PHY-102

Lab-based course introducing computation and program development. Introduction to the fundamentals of computational problem solving and the Python programming language. Students will use and modify existing programs as well as write their own. Semester projects will be built around areas of interest of enrolled students.
No prerequisites. (Cross-listed with MAT-130.)

This is one-half of a two-semester introduction to psychology. The course is about the nervous system as it pertains to behavior and cognition. Students may take PSY-101 or PSY-102 first and each course is independent of the other.

PSY-206   RESEARCH STATISTICS         (4)                                                   
Basic theory, principles and applications of statistics in behavioral science research.
Prerequisite: Any one of the following: PSY-101, PSY-102, ANT-101, ANT-202, PH-101, POL-101, POL-102, or SOC-101                                                             
(Cross-listed with SOC-206)

Fundamentals of research methodology in psychology. Topics include experimental, quasi-experimental and descriptive research designs, internal and external validity and research ethics.
Prerequisite: PSY-206 or permission of the instructor

PSY-296   TOPICS IN NEUROSCIENCE         (4)                                              
New technologies emerging from neuroscience such as designer drugs, MRI use as lie-detector, and gene therapy for neural disorders. Examination of the basic science behind these and other technologies as well as important social, political and ethical implications. May not be used to fulfill minimum requirements for the biology major. May be used as elective credit in the psychology major.
Prerequisite: BIO-110 or PSY-101 or PSY-102
(Cross-listed with BIO-296)

PSY-311   ANIMAL AND HUMAN LEARNING      (4)                                           
Principles of learning, behavioral change and motivation in humans and other animals. Emphasis on conceptual, methodological and theoretical findings in classical, operant and observational learning, with a focus on application in a variety of settings.                                                                                     
Prerequisite: PSY-101 and PSY-207

PSY-315   COGNITIVE NEUROSCIENCE        (4)                                          
Human cognition and perception and their neurophysiological correlates as revealed by functional imaging techniques and clinical populations. Selected topics include basic neuroanatomy and brain imaging techniques and their application to the study of attention, memory imagery, concept formation, language, problem solving, creative thinking and intelligence.
Prerequisite: PSY-101 and PSY-207

The study of how our sensory systems detect the physical world around us and how we understand what these sensations mean. Emphasis on current research.
Prerequisite: PSY-101 and PSY-207

Seminars focusing on research in area of psychology. The specific research topic in each section of the class will be determined by the individual class instructor. Students will conduct collaborative research projects in the designated research area.
Prerequisite: PSY-101, PSY-207, the instructor’s permission, and an application
(Departmental applications are due in early March for the following fall and spring semesters. See the psychology and neuroscience Moodle page for the applications.)