American Beech

American beech trees can be found growing in many places around the Agnes Scott Arboretum, including at the tour stop that we call Tree Shape and Structure at McCain Arch.

The American beech tree, or Fagus grandifolia, is a deciduous tree that is native to Georgia, and across the eastern United States and Canada.  At its full height, this tree can grow from 66-115 feet tall.  It can be identified by its smooth silvery bark, distinctive long, thin buds, and simple, dark green leaves with small “teeth”, or serrations on its edges.  You can identify these leaf features in the photo below of the leaves of an American beech at the Agnes Scott Arboretum.

A bit of American beech Treevia–The wood of the American beech tree is so hard, heavy, and dense that before the invention of power tools, beech trees were so difficult to cut that lumberers often simply let them grow.  Because of this, many native areas have very old and extensive beech tree groves.

For more information on this tree species, click here.